The Art and Science of Exploration, 1768-80

The Art and Science of Exploration, 1768-80, Queen’s House, Greenwich, London SE10

‘Tahiti Revisited’    by William Hodges, 1776 Oil on canvas National Maritime Museum, London

‘Tahiti Revisited’
by William Hodges, 1776
Oil on canvas
National Maritime Museum, London

The fabulous classical building that is the Queen’s House is the setting for this new display which examines the highly important part that artists played in Captain Cook’s three voyages of discovery.

The Kongouro from New Holland (Kangaroo)       by George Stubbs, 1772 Oil on mahogany panel National Maritime Museum, London

The Kongouro from New Holland (Kangaroo)
by George Stubbs, 1772
Oil on mahogany panel
National Maritime Museum, London

On his return from the first expedition Cook brought the news of new flora, fauna and peoples through accounts and imagery and it was this combination of science and art that continued in his two further voyages.

Portrait of a large dog (Dingo) George Stubbs, 1772 Oil on mahogany panel National Maritime Museum, London

Portrait of a large dog (Dingo)
George Stubbs, 1772
Oil on mahogany panel
National Maritime Museum, London

The artists not only recorded the unfamiliar lands they visited but also the peoples – the portrait of Poedua, the Daughter of Orio by John Webber is among the earliest of a Polynesian woman by a European painter . Such works, including the scenes painted by William Hodges influenced how the public at home viewed the Pacific.

Poedua, the daughter of Orio (c.1758–c.1788)        by John Webber, c.1784 Oil on canvas National Maritime Museum, London

Poedua, the daughter of Orio (c.1758–c.1788)
by John Webber, c.1784
Oil on canvas
National Maritime Museum, London

Among the cargo brought back on the first voyage were 30,000 dried plants and 955 botanical drawings by Sydney Parkinson, who sadly died on the return journey. The importance of these new plants led to Parkinson’s patron the naturalist Joseph Banks employing a number of artists to finish watercolours and engravings from Parkinson’s sketches. A work not fully completed until the 1980s.

Castanospermum austral watercolour just Sydney Parkinson [after] Watercolour The Trustees of the Natural History Museum

Castanospermum austral watercolour just
Sydney Parkinson [after]
Watercolour
The Trustees of the Natural History Museum

What is particularly exciting about this exhibition is that it is the first time since the National Maritime Museum acquired them in November of last year that the Stubbs’s portraits of a Large Dog (Dingo) and The Kongouro from New Holland (Kangaroo) have been on public display. However they are both given very close competition in interest by the other works shown alongside them and together they take us on these voyages of discovery, a journey that will long remain with you.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 http://www.rmg.co.uk

The Death of Captain James Cook, 14 February 1779        by Johan Zoffany, c.1798 Oil on canvas National Maritime Museum, London

The Death of Captain James Cook, 14 February 1779
by Johan Zoffany, c.1798
Oil on canvas
National Maritime Museum, London

One comment on “The Art and Science of Exploration, 1768-80

  1. John Kirkwood says:

    Looks fab – love the dingo ! xxx

    ________________________________

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